The aim of the study was to determine the performance indices of a repeated jumping test (RJT) over three different stages of a basketball game, and to examine their relationships with the aerobic capacity of young basketball players. Sixteen young (17.2 ± 0.4 yrs) trained basketball players performed an RJT (six sets of six consecutive vertical jumps) after warm-up, at halftime, and after completing a full game, as well as an aerobic power test (shuttle run test for 20m), each test taking place on a different day. Performance indices for each of the RJTs were the ideal jump height (IJ), the total jump height (TJ) of all the jumps, and the performance decrement (PD) throughout the tests. The IJ and TJ were significantly higher at the halftime compared with both after warm-up and after a full-time game (p<0.01). No major variations were noted in IJ and TJ in the full-time game compared to the warm-up. During any of the three game stages, there was no significant difference in the PD. No significant relationships were found between the aerobic capacity and any of the RJT performance indices at the different game stages. Given the present findings, coaches and players may consider the use of a more intense warm-up protocol, one that will efficiently prepare players for the early stages of a basketball game. The results also suggest that the aerobic energy system's involvement with repeated jumping activity is only minor when young players play basketball.


Anaerobic capabilities, Fatigue, Warm-up, Sprint, Recovery,


  1. N. Ben Abdelkrim, S. El Fazaa, & J. El Ati, Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 (2007) 69–75.https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.032318
  2. M.J. Klusemann, D.B. Pyne, W.G. Hopkins, & E.J. Drinkwater, Activity profiles and demands of seasonal and tournament basketball competition, International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 8 (2013) 623–629.https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.6.623
  3. S.E. Mclnnes, J.S. Carlson, C.J. Jones, & M.J. McKenna, The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition, Journal of Sports Sciences, 13 (1995) 387–397.https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419508732254
  4. L. Torres-Ronda, A. Ric, I. Llabres-Torres, B. de las Heras, & X.S. Schelling I del Alcazar, Position – dependent cardiovascular response and time – motion analysis during training drills and friendly matches in elite male basketball players, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (2016) 60–70.https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001043
  5. A. Scanlan, B. Dascombe, & P.A. Reaburn, Comparison of the activity demands of elite and sub-elite Australian men’s basketball competition, Journal of Sports Science, 29 (2011) 1153–1160.https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.582509
  6. M. Fitzsimons, B.T. Dawson, & D. Ward, Cycling and running tests of repeated sprint ability, Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25 (1993) 82–87.
  7. Z. Gharbi, W. Dardouri, R. Haj-Sassi, K. Chamari, & N. Souissi, Aerobic and anaerobic determinants of repeated sprint ability in team sports athletes, Biology of Sport, 32 (2015) 207–212. https://doi.org/10.5604/20831862.1150302
  8. Y. Meckel, R. Gottlieb, & A. Eliakim, Repeated sprint tests in young basketball players at different game stages, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 107 (2009) 273–279. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1120-8
  9. G. Ziv, & R. Lidor, Vertical jump in female and male basketball players – a review of observational and experimental studies, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13 (2010) 332–339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2009.02.009
  10. Y. Meckel, M. May-rom, A. Ekshtien, D. Nemet, & A. Eliakim, Relationships among two repeated activity tests and aerobic fitness of volleyball players, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (2015) 2122–2127. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000859
  11. Y. Meckel, A. Einy, R. Gottlieb, & A. Eliakim, Repeated sprint ability in young soccer players at different game stages, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28 (2014) 2578–2584.https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000383
  12. A. St Clair Gibson, S. Broomhead, M.I Lambert, & J.A. Hawley, Prediction of maximal oxygen uptake from a 20-m shuttle run as measured directly in runners and squash players, Journal of Sports Science, 16 (1998) 331–335. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419808559361
  13. G.A. Borg GA. Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 14 (1982) 377–382. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-198205000-00012
  14. N. Ben Abdelkrim, C. Castagna, I. Jabri, T. Battikh, S. El Fazaa, & J. El Ati, Activity profile and physiological requirements of junior elite basketball players in relation to aerobic–anaerobic fitness, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24 (2010) 2330–2342. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e381c1
  15. D.L. Tomlin, & H.A. Wenger, The relationship between aerobic fitness and recovery from high intensity intermittent exercise, Sports Medicine, 31 (2001) 1–11. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200131010-00001
  16. P.D. Balsom, G.C. Gaitanos, B. Ekblom, & K. Soderlund, Reduced oxygen availability during high intensity intermittent exercise impairs performance, Acta Physiologica – The Scandinavian physiological society, 152 (1994) 279–285. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1994.tb09807.x
  17. G. Wadley, & P. Le Rossignol, The relationship between repeated sprint ability and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 1 (1998) 100–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1440-2440(98)80018-2